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iOS app development entails creating applications for Apple's mobile operating system. These apps are designed to run on iPhones, iPads, and iPod Touch devices. Apple has different operating systems for its various devices - for instance, macOS for Mac computers and iPadOS, an iOS variant, for iPads. The development for iOS caters to the unique device specifications and security requirements of Apple's mobile operating system.
On the other hand, Android app development involves building mobile applications for Google's Android operating system. Android boasts a wide range of devices from numerous brands, including Samsung, Google, Motorola, OnePlus, Sony, and thousands more. Over 24,000 different types of devices from approximately 1,300 companies utilize the Android operating system.
Although Android and iOS are both mobile operating systems, they differ significantly in various aspects. Here are the top eleven key differences between these two platforms:
iOS and Android utilize different tech stacks. Apple's iOS apps are primarily written in Swift and Objective-C, while Android apps are generally developed using Java and Kotlin. While Swift is specifically designed for Apple products, Java offers a broader range of use cases, making the transition to Android development easier for developers familiar with this language.
Apple and Android have different design philosophies. Apple prioritizes app content, using more white space to highlight app-specific features and clarity. On the other hand, Android offers more flexibility with color changes, motion, and light.
Apple and Android use different IDEs. Android Studio, developed by Google, is the official IDE for Android app development. For iOS, developers use Xcode, Apple's official IDE for all Apple software.
The number of devices for each platform also differs significantly. While iOS development primarily covers different versions of iPhones, iPads, and iPod Touch devices, Android development must cater to a vast range of devices from various manufacturers.
Each platform has its own app store for distribution - iOS apps are downloaded from the Apple App Store, while Android Apps can be downloaded from the Google Play Store.
The user base for each platform also varies. While iOS and Android share almost equal market shares in the United States, Android dominates the global market with an 87% market share .
The monetization strategies for each platform also differ. Studies suggest that iPhone users have a higher median household income compared to Android users, influencing the strategies for in-app purchases and advertising.
Apple's App Store has stricter guidelines compared to the Google Play Store. This is reflected in the app approval process, with Apple prioritizing quality and security.
Due to Apple's stringent standards, the Apple App Store is generally considered safer than the Google Play Store. This emphasizes the importance of secure app development.
Generally, Android development is more complex and time-consuming than iOS development due to the need to cater to a wider range of devices and screen sizes.
The complexity and longer development timeline of Android apps generally result in higher costs compared to iOS app development.
The choice between iOS and Android development depends on various factors, including your target market, design preference, monetization strategy, and more.